QUIZ


THE WORLD AND PEOPLE IN IT

Test Yourself

  1. In all low-income countries across the world today, how many girls finish primary school?
    1. 20 percent
    1. 40 percent
    1. 60 percent
  2. Where does the majority of the world’s population live?
    1. Low-income countries
    1. Middle-income countries
    1. High-income countries
  3. In the last 20 years, the proportion of the world population living in extreme poverty has . . .
    1. Almost doubled
    1. Remained more or less the same
    1. Almost halved
  4. What is the life expectancy of the world today?
    1. 50 years
    1. 60 years
    1. 70 years
  5. There are 2 billion children aged 0-15 in the world today. How many will there be in the year 2100 according to the United Nations (UN)?
    1. 4 billion
    1. 3 billion
    1. 2 billion
  6. The UN predicts that by 2100 the world population will have increased by another 4 billion people. What is the main reason?
    1. There will be more children (age below 15)
    1. There will be more adults (age 15 to 74)
    1. There will be more very old people (age 75 and older)
  7. How did the number of deaths per year from natural disasters change over the last hundred years?
    1. More than doubled
    1. Remained about the same
    1. Decreased to less than half
  8. There are roughly 7 billion people in the world today. Which best describes where they live?
    1. Africa: 1 billion   America (N&S): 1 billion                Asia: 4 billion      Europe 1 billion
    1. Africa: 2 billion   America (N&S): 1 billion                Asia: 3 billion      Europe 1 billion
    1. Africa: 1 billion   America (N&S): 2 billion                Asia: 3 billion      Europe 1 billion
  9. How many of the world’s 1-year-old children today have been vaccinated against some disease?
    1. 20 percent
    1. 50 percent
    1. 80 percent
  10. Worldwide, 30-year-old men have spent 10 years in school, on average. How many years have women of the same age spent in school?
    1. 9 years
    1. 6 years
    1. 3 years
  11. In 1996, tigers, giant pandas and black rhinos were all listed as endangered. How many of these three species are more endangered today?
    1. Two of them
    1. One of them
    1. None of them
  12. How many people in the world have some access to electricity?
    1. 20 percent
    1. 50 percent
    1. 80 percent
  13. Global climate experts believe that, over the next 100 years, the average temperature will
    1. Get warmer
    1. Remain the same
    1. Get colder
Answers: 1c, 2b, 3c, 4c, 5c, 6b, 7c, 8a, 9c, 10a, 11c, 12c, 13a

CLIMATE

  1. Compared to the previous two centuries, severe weather events (droughts, storms, tornadoes and cyclones/hurricanes/typhoons) this century are
    1. Increasing rapidly due to climate change
    1. Not unusual
    1. Decreasing significantly
  2. Compared to the Eemian interglacial maximum about 120,000 years ago, Earth is now
    1. Significantly warmer
    1. A similar temperature
    1. Significantly cooler
  3. The main greenhouse effect of carbon dioxide (CO2) is to warm
    1. Summer days
    1. Summer nights
    1. Winter nights
  4. Across the globe, temperature variability and the diurnal temperature range are now
    1. Decreasing
    1. Unchanged
    1. Increasing
  5. What effect does this have on cardiac and respiratory mortality?
    1. Increased
    1. Unchanged
    1. Reduced
  6. Carbon dioxide (CO2) comprises approximately what percentage of the atmosphere?
    1. 4%
    1. 0.4%
    1. 0.04%
  7. Compared to this, the CO2 concentration in your exhaled breath is about
    1. The same
    1. 10 times higher
    1. 100 times higher
  8. What percentage of the CO2 released into the atmosphere every year is man-made?
    1. Less than 5%
    1. About 25%
    1. Over 50%
  9. As a percentage of global CO2 emissions, Australia produces just over
    1. 1%
    1. 4%
    1. 7%
  10. What effect would halving this have on Earth’s climate?
    1. Very significant
    1. Very modest
    1. Too small to measure
  11. What effect has increased levels of atmospheric CO2 had on global food production?
    1. Reduced significantly due to global warming
    1. Increased significantly due to the fertilising effect of CO2
    1. Largely unaffected
  1. What effect would doubling the present atmospheric CO2 level have on most plants?
    1. They would grow more slowly and need more water
    1. They would grow faster and need less water
    1. Little or no effect
  2. How many degrees Celsius (⁰C) does the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) say such a doubling might increase Earth’s average surface temperature?
    1. 1.5 to 3⁰C
    1. 3 to 4.5⁰C
    1. 1.5 to 4.5⁰C
  3. After about one degree of warming since preindustrial times, globally there are now
    1. Far more people dying from heat-exposure than from cold-exposure
    1. About the same number of people dying from exposure to heat and cold
    1. Far more people dying from cold-exposure than from heat-exposure
  4. Burning which energy source kills the most people globally per unit of energy produced?
    1. Biomass (wood, dung, crop waste)
    1. Gas
    1. Coal
  5. Which of the following have killed the fewest people globally per unit of energy produced?
    1. Nuclear power
    1. Hydropower
    1. Wind power
  6. What is Europe’s (the EU) renewable energy target for 2030?
    1. 27%
    1. 32%
    1. 50%
  7. Which of the following uses the most renewables?
    1. Denmark
    1. Germany
    1. South Australia
  8. Which has the highest electricity price in the world?
    1. Denmark
    1. Germany
    1. South Australia
  9. Which energy source uses the most resources?
    1. Hydro
    1. Solar
    1. Nuclear
Answers: 1b, 2c, 3c, 4a, 5c, 6c, 7c, 8a, 9a, 10c, 11b, 12b, 13c, 14c, 15a, 16a, 17b, 18c, 19c, 20b